Тест 2 по английски език за VIII клас

2011 г.

8и клас - Английски език - Външно оценяване
Task 1

Directions: Read the text below. For questions 1 - 7, choose the answer (A, B or C) which you think fits best according to the text.
When Andra Rush started her trucking company, all she had was an old van, a pair of used pickup trucks, and the naive certainty of a 23-year-old. She thought it would take her about four years to make her fortune. Then she could use her new-found millions to accomplish her true goal: fighting poverty on Native American reservations across North America. "I thought I could retire by the time I was 27," says Rush, a member of the Mohawk Indian tribe of Ontario, Canada. "At that age, you do not know what you do not know."
Rush is 49 now and still working very hard. Her tiny company just outside Detroit has grown to a \$400-million North American business that employs hundreds of Native Americans. They assemble automobile components near their reservations and then transport them to manufacturing factories.
Last year, Andra Rush, along with the rest of the auto industry, was almost pulled out of the business by the recession. But things have stabilized, and today Rush is a role model not only for Native Americans but also for women in the male-dominated world of trucking. For years, "people imagined that the business was run by my dad or my boyfriend," she says. "I had to say: No, the business is me!"
By 2001, many of Andra Rush's 1,000 employees were Native Americans, working alongside people from different backgrounds. But she felt she had not done enough. So she joined forces with a Canadian parts maker to design and assemble auto components. These components include a variety of auto parts such as the instrument panels that go into Chrysler minivans. She located her factories near reservations, creating opportunities where they were needed most. By 2009 her auto parts business was generating \$370 million.
She has come a long way from the inexperienced 23-year-old who thought "the cash would just come in." But Andra Rush wouldn't change a thing: "I love my job," she says. "I like the fact that you can be inspired and keep challenging yourself and then suddenly you lift your head and it has been 25 years."

At the beginning of her business Andra Rush lacked …

2. Her real aim was to …

3. Andra Rush’s business covers …

4. Recession influenced Andra Rush’s business …

5. Andra Rush runs her business …

6. Andra Rush built her factories …

7. Time for Andra Rush passes …

8. Task 2
Directions: Read the text below. For questions 8 - 15, choose the answer (A, B or C) which you think fits best according to the text.
An eager beaver is a person who is always willing and excited to do what is expected of him and to do it as quickly as he can. Suppose, for example, that a teacher tells her students they each must solve one hundred math problems before coming to school the next day. The students complain about so much homework. But a few students do not protest at all. They are eager beavers. They love to do math problems and do not mind all that homework. In fact, they can hardly wait to get started. Another eager beaver works as a salesman for a company. He always arrives at the office before anyone else and is the last person to leave. The man works very hard, because he enjoys his job. He is a true eager beaver.
The expression comes from the name of a hard-working animal – the beaver. Beavers are strange-looking creatures. They are rodents, like mice and rats, but much larger; they are the second-largest rodent in the world. Some weigh more than twenty-five kilograms. They have a large, black flat tail to help them swim. They also have thick brown hair or fur to keep them warm in cold waters. And they have front teeth sharp enough to cut down large trees. Beavers spend a lot of time in the water, building dams to create little lakes or ponds. They work hard to cut down trees, remove branches and put them together with mud to make dams. Few other animals work so hard.
Historians say the beaver played an important part in the settlement of North America. There were many millions of beavers when European settlers first arrived. The settlers put great value on the fur of the beaver. In fact, for two hundred years more, beaver was the most valuable fur in North America. Young men looking for adventure headed west across the country to search for beavers. In their search, they explored much of the western territories. The trading posts, where they exchanged beaver skins for the goods they needed, became villages, and later towns and cities. Many of the beaver hunters became guides. They led groups of settlers to new homes in the West.
For a time the beavers were in danger of disappearing completely. They were hunted not only for fur, but also for their glands used in the production of medicines and perfume. But laws were passed to protect the beaver. And today the population is rising. Surprisingly, wild beavers are building dams on a stream less than twenty kilometers outside Washington, D.C. And like the animal, the expression “eager beaver” is in no danger of dying out.

Students who are “eager beavers” start their work as soon as possible.

9. Students good at maths are usually eager beavers.

10. The beaver is the same size as the mouse.

11. Water is never beavers’ natural habitat.

12. Beavers build dams because they need them for their reproduction.

13. The first settlers in North America showed little respect for the beaver.

14. Beaver skins were used as money to do trade in America.

15. In the past beavers in the US faced extinction.

Directions: For questions 16 - 35, read the sentences below and decide which answer (A, B, C or D) best fits each gap.

They openly _____ him of dishonesty.

17. He played an active _____ in politics until he was well over 80.

18. I am looking _____ a summer job.

19. The taxi was so late reaching the station that I _____ missed my train.

20. It took my sister a long time to find a dress that _____ her.

21. Sometimes Tom annoys his neighbours by _____ very loud music.

22. The student was told to _____ for being rude to his classmate.

23. There was nothing they could do but leave the car at the roadside where it had broken _____.

24. We did all the work _____ our own.

25. I need a new pair of shoes in black _____.

26. He is very interested _____ mathematics and has won lots of competitions.

27. He _____ the UK several times but this will be his first trip to Scotland.

28. She _____ in education for the past five years.

29. Everyone has a right _____ with respect.

30. The teacher asked the students why they _____ on time.

31. You will be home in time for tea if you_____.

32. I’d prefer _____ his name.

33. He regretted _____ for the girl’s name and mobile number.

34. You’ll feed my cat while I’m away, _____ you?

35. It was _____ view the tourists had ever seen.